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Paraguay Travel Guide

Welcome to our guide to Paraguay, the heart of South America! This landlocked gem, cocooned by Bolivia, Argentina, and Brazil, is a pulsating mix of natural beauty, rich culture, and fascinating history.

Off the beaten tourist track, Paraguay offers a unique experience with its expansive wild landscapes, vibrant cities, indigenous communities, and grand colonial relics. This is the place for explorers seeking the road less traveled, for those who are charmed by simplicity and authenticity. Come, discover Paraguay with us!

Quick Info

Capital city: Asunción

Currency: Paraguayan Guaraní  (PYG) 1 USD = 7256 PYG.

Electricity: Power voltage is 220 Volts. Power sockets type C.

Languages: Spanish and Guaraní are the two official languages of Paraguay. Jopará, a mix of these two languages, is spoken by most Paragayans.

Fun fact: Paraguay is known as the “Heart of South America” due to its central location on the continent. 

10 Handpicked Highlights of Paraguay

Here is a list of amazing places to visit in Paraguay:


The capital city of Paraguay, Asunción, bursts with a unique blend of traditional charm and modern energy. A stroll through the city reveals a kaleidoscope of architectural styles, from charming colonial buildings to ultra-modern skyscrapers.

Visitors can wander through the Panteón de los Héroes, a national landmark dedicated to the heroes of the War of the Triple Alliance, or soak in local culture at the Mercado Cuatro, where you can buy traditional Paraguayan crafts. Museums such as the Museo del Barro offer a peek into Paraguay’s rich artistic tradition, showcasing both indigenous and contemporary Paraguayan art.

 Itaipu Dam

The colossal Itaipu Dam, spanning the Paraná River between Paraguay and Brazil, is a testament to human ambition and engineering. The dam is one of the largest operating hydroelectric facilities in terms of annual energy generation, providing a significant portion of the power for both countries.

Tours of the dam offer insight into this marvel of modern engineering and the environmental impact of such large-scale projects. Don’t miss the spectacular sight of the dam lit up at night!

Paraguay - Itaipu Dam
Itaipu Dam

 Jesuit Missions of La Santísima Trinidad de Paraná and Jesús de Tavarangue

These majestic sites, now UNESCO World Heritage Sites, are remnants of Jesuit reductions from the 17th and 18th centuries. The intricate stonework and structures provide a glimpse into the sophisticated societies built by the Jesuits and local Guarani people.

From the church and museum at Trinidad to the remains of the college at Jesús, these sites offer a fascinating exploration of a unique period in South American history.

 Ybycuí National Park

Nestled in the heart of Paraguay, Ybycuí National Park is a nature lover’s paradise. The park is renowned for its lush forests, stunning waterfalls, and abundant wildlife, offering a perfect escape into Paraguay’s natural beauty. The historical iron foundry, a poignant reminder of the Paraguayan War, adds a historical dimension to the park’s appeal.


A vibrant city on the banks of the Paraná River, Encarnación is often referred to as the ‘Pearl of the South’. From sun-kissed beaches to lively Carnaval celebrations, the city offers a delightful mix of relaxation and excitement.

A visit to Encarnación would be incomplete without a trip to the nearby Jesuit ruins of Trinidad and Jesús, immersing you in a journey through time.

Paraguay - Ceiba Tree in the Chaco
Ceiba Tree in the Chaco

 Gran Chaco

A region of astounding biodiversity, the Gran Chaco spans over 60% of Paraguay’s territory. This immense area is home to unique ecosystems, including dry forests, salt flats, and wetlands.

Though challenging to traverse due to its harsh climate, the Gran Chaco rewards adventurous visitors with glimpses of elusive wildlife, from jaguars to the world’s largest rodent, the capybara.

 Cerro Corá National Park

Paraguay’s largest national park, Cerro Corá, is a treasure trove of natural and historical wonders. The park encompasses a variety of ecosystems, from sprawling grasslands to dense forests, teeming with wildlife.

Historical sites related to the tragic end of the War of the Triple Alliance and ancient petroglyphs make Cerro Corá a must-visit location for history and nature enthusiasts alike.


This picturesque town on the banks of Lake Ypacaraí captivates visitors with its colonial charm and artistic spirit. Famous for its strawberry fields and ceramic works, Areguá offers a delightful mix of natural beauty and cultural exploration. Visit during the strawberry festival for a real treat, or walk the cobblestone streets to admire the well-preserved colonial architecture.

Paraguay - Areguá

 San Bernardino

The resort town of San Bernardino, perched on the shores of Lake Ypacaraí, offers a delightful escape from the bustling city life. The town’s German heritage is reflected in its architecture, cuisine, and even the local language, with many inhabitants speaking German. During the day, enjoy water sports on the lake, and by night, immerse yourself in the town’s buzzing nightlife.


This quaint city in the heart of the Gran Chaco is the cultural and economic center of Paraguay’s Mennonite colonies.

The Jakob Unger Museum offers a captivating look into the unique culture and history of the Mennonite community, providing context for the modern city and surrounding agricultural landscape. Visit the local cheese factories and explore the rich history of this intriguing place.

Paraguay's Geography & Landscapes

Paraguay is a landlocked country in South America, characterized by varied landscapes and geographic regions. These include:

  1. Gran Chaco: Occupying the western part of the country, the Gran Chaco is a hot and semi-arid plain. It’s a land of extremes, with temperatures reaching 44°C (111°F) in the summer and dropping to freezing in the winter. Despite its harsh climate, it’s home to an astonishing array of wildlife and plant species.

  2. Paraná Plateau: This area is characterized by rolling hills, subtropical forests, and numerous rivers. It’s home to Itaipu Dam and some of Paraguay’s most significant waterways, including the Paraná River.

  3. Central Hill Belt: This is a fertile region, marked by low hills and valleys. It contains most of the country’s population, including the capital city, Asunción.

  4. Oriental Region: This area encompasses fertile plains and low-lying hills. It’s home to most of Paraguay’s agriculture and includes major cities like Encarnación and Ciudad del Este.

Best Time To Go To Paraguay

Paraguay’s climate can be broken down into two main seasons:

  1. Winter (May to September): The winter months bring cooler temperatures, averaging between 10-20°C (50-68°F). The climate is generally dry, with occasional cold fronts sweeping up from the south. This is considered the best time to visit, especially for outdoor activities and wildlife viewing.

  2. Summer (October to April): Summers are hot and humid, with temperatures frequently exceeding 35°C (95°F). This period also marks the rainy season, with heavy downpours common, particularly from January to March. Despite the heat and rain, summer can be a vibrant time to visit due to various cultural events and festivals.

However, always check the weather conditions in the specific areas you plan to visit, as the climate can vary significantly across the country.

Paraguay - Wetlands in the Paraguayan Pantanal
Wetlands in the Paraguayan Pantanal

Traveling in Paraguay

Staying Safe

  • Stay vigilant in crowded areas: Like any destination, there is a risk of petty theft in busy areas. Keep your valuables secure and out of sight.

  • Avoid isolated areas at night: Stick to well-lit, populated areas, especially after dark.

  • Take care with local water: Tap water may not be safe to drink. Consider drinking bottled water, or purify the local water before consuming.

  • Protect yourself from mosquitoes: Dengue fever, Chikungunya, and Zika are risks in Paraguay. Use a good insect repellent, and consider taking prophylactics for malaria if you’re visiting rural or jungle areas.

  • Travel in groups or with a guide: This is particularly advisable when visiting remote areas or participating in adventure activities.

  • Respect local customs: Paraguayans are generally friendly and welcoming, but do remember to respect local customs and traditions.

  • Stay hydrated and protect yourself from the sun: Paraguay can be hot, and it’s easy to become dehydrated or sunburned.

  • Beware of stray animals: While they might look cute, they can carry diseases.

  • Stay updated on vaccinations: Ensure your routine vaccinations are up-to-date, and consider getting vaccines for typhoid and hepatitis A, which can be contracted through contaminated food or water.

  • Travel insurance: Make sure to have travel insurance that covers medical costs, including emergency evacuation.

Getting to & Around Paraguay 

The main gateway to Paraguay is Silvio Pettirossi International Airport, located near Asunción. Other significant airports include Guarani International Airport near Ciudad del Este and Encarnación Airport in the southern region.

While in Paraguay, public transportation options include city buses in Asunción and Ciudad del Este, intercity buses for long-distance travel, and taxis or rented cars for more flexible movement. Note that while public buses are cheap, they may not always be the most comfortable or reliable. Bus companies like NSA and La Encarnacena are popular for intercity travel.

For exploring the Paraguayan Chaco, hiring a 4×4 vehicle or taking an organized tour is often the best option due to the region’s rough terrain.


Paraguay offers a wide range of accommodations, from budget hostels to luxury hotels. In Asunción, Ciudad del Este, and Encarnación, you can find modern hotels with amenities like air conditioning, Wi-Fi, and swimming pools. Expect to pay around $50-$100 per night for mid-range accommodations.

For a more authentic experience, consider staying in a guesthouse or “posada” in the countryside. While these may offer fewer amenities, they offer a unique insight into Paraguayan life.

For those exploring the Gran Chaco, basic lodges and campsites are available. Remember to book in advance for popular times, such as during the winter months (May to September).