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Nepal Travel Guide

Landlocked between the vast terrains of Tibet and the bustling streets of India, Nepal is a sanctuary of mystical beauty, where traditions intersect with breathtaking landscapes. A mecca for trekkers, spiritual seekers, and cultural enthusiasts, Nepal offers more than just the towering peaks of the Himalayas.

It's a symphony of roaring rivers, lush forests, ancient temples, and vibrant cities. Every corner of this country sings a song of adventure and serenity, inviting travelers to delve deep into its heart and soul.

Quick Info

Capital city: Kathmandu

Currency: Nepalese Rupee (NPR) – 1 USD = 132 NPR

Electricity: Power voltage is 230 Volts. Power sockets type C, D, and M.

Languages: The national and most spoken language is Nepali. Maithili is the second-most spoken language among all 122 languages present in the country.

10 Handpicked Highlights of Nepal

Annapurna Circuit Trek

Spanning about 160 to 230 kilometers, the Annapurna Circuit Trek is more than just a hike; it’s an immersion into Nepal’s diverse topography. From the subtropical jungles at the trek’s beginning in Besisahar to the arid high mountain deserts, the landscapes keep evolving.

Along with the visual treat, trekkers get to experience a mix of Nepali and Tibetan cultures, as they pass through Brahmin, Chhetri, Tibetan, and Tamang villages. The climax of the trek is crossing the Thorong La Pass, the highest point at 5,416 meters, which rewards with mesmerizing views of the snow-clad peaks.

Everest Base Camp Trek

The Everest Base Camp Trek isn’t just about reaching the foot of the world’s tallest mountain; it’s a journey through the heart of Sherpa culture and Himalayan life. Beginning from Lukla, the 12-day trek passes through vibrant monasteries, stone-walled villages, and suspension bridges adorned with prayer flags.

The higher you ascend, the more enchanting the landscapes become, culminating in the surreal panorama of Everest, Lhotse, and Ama Dablam from the vantage point of Kala Patthar, making every challenging step worth its weight in gold.

Nepal Mt Everest
Mt Everest

Everest Scenic Flight

Not everyone might trek to Everest, but that doesn’t mean they should miss its grandeur. The Everest Scenic Flight offers an unparalleled opportunity to witness the majestic Himalayan giants without setting foot on a trail.

Typically lasting about an hour, these flights provide passengers with personal window views of peaks like Everest, Lhotse, Makalu, and Cho Oyu. Onboard commentary ensures passengers identify each peak, making it an informative and awe-inspiring experience.

Sarangkot Panorama

Sarangkot, located just above Pokhara, is nature’s own theater, where the grand spectacle of sunrise over the Himalayas plays out daily. While the early morning climb can be invigorating, the real reward is the golden sun casting its first light upon peaks like Annapurna and Machapuchare.

Beyond the horizon’s grandeur, Sarangkot also offers paragliding opportunities, where adventurers can soar like eagles against the backdrop of the Himalayan panorama.

Chitwan National Park

Chitwan National Park, the first national park in Nepal, was established in 1973 and achieved its UNESCO World Heritage status in 1984. This park is a testament to successful conservation efforts, especially for the one-horned rhinoceros.

A jungle safari here isn’t just about spotting this majestic creature, but it’s also a chance to see Bengal tigers, leopards, and wild elephants. Guided canoe trips, bird-watching excursions, and village walks enhance the immersive experience in this natural wonderland.

Nepal Chitwan NP
Chitwan National Park

Streets of Kathmandu & Yetakha Bahal

Kathmandu, the capital city, is a labyrinth of narrow alleyways, bustling markets, and ancient squares. The historic core of Kathmandu, especially around  Asan Bazar and Yetakha Bahal, offers a journey through time, with its intricately carved wooden structures and pagoda-style temples.

The aroma of incense fills the air, as chants from nearby shrines resonate, offering an experience that’s both chaotic and spiritual. This area is also a hub for traditional artisans, making it the perfect place to pick up authentic Nepalese handicrafts.

Bardiya National Park

Tucked away in Nepal’s far western region, Bardiya National Park remains off the typical tourist circuit, making it a pristine wilderness experience. Covering 968 sq. km., it’s a habitat for numerous species, but its most iconic resident is the Bengal tiger.

Unlike Chitwan, Bardiya offers a higher likelihood of spotting this elusive big cat in its natural habitat. Along with jungle walks, visitors can embark on river safaris, where sightings of the Gangetic dolphin become the day’s highlight.

Durbar Squares: Patan, Bhaktapur, and Kathmandu

The three Durbar Squares, representing the royal palaces of three ancient kingdoms, are a testament to Nepal’s rich history and architectural prowess. Patan’s square boasts the magnificent Hiranya Varna Mahavihar, a three-story golden pagoda. Bhaktapur’s square, on the other hand, is known for the 55-Window Palace.

Kathmandu’s Durbar Square, despite suffering damage in the 2015 earthquake, still stands as a symbol of the city’s resilience and grandeur. All three squares are alive with festivals, rituals, and daily life, making them windows into Nepal’s soul.

Nepal Kathmandu Durbar Square
Kathmandu Durbar Square


Popularly known as the “Monkey Temple”, Swayambhunath is a blend of Buddhism and Hinduism atop a hill. According to legend, the entire Kathmandu Valley was once a lake, and the hill where the temple stands now was an island.

With its iconic white dome and the gazing eyes of Buddha, it’s a significant pilgrimage site. However, beyond spirituality, Swayambhunath offers panoramic views of Kathmandu, especially enchanting during sunset when the city below starts to light up.

Nepal's Geography & Landscapes

Nestled between the towering giants of Tibet to the north and the vast plains of India to the south, Nepal is a country of stark geographical contrasts. It’s a vertical expanse, transitioning from the steamy jungles in the south to the frozen peaks of the Himalayas within a mere 150 kilometers. This geographical diversity is reflected in its wide range of ecosystems, each with its own set of flora and fauna.

  • Terai Region: Starting from the southern border, the Terai region is a hot and humid plain, home to dense forests and grasslands. This region boasts national parks like Chitwan and Bardia, which serve as habitats for a plethora of wildlife including tigers, rhinos, and elephants.

  • Hill Region: Moving northwards, the Terai gives way to the hilly region, characterized by terraced farming landscapes, lush valleys, and rolling hills. Kathmandu, the nation’s capital, is nestled within this region.

  • Mountain Region: Beyond the hills lie the majestic Himalayas. This region is less about human settlement and more about towering peaks, glaciers, and deep valleys. It’s home to eight of the world’s 14 tallest peaks, including Mount Everest.

Best Time To Go To Nepal

The ideal time to visit Nepal largely depends on the activities you’re looking forward to and the regions you intend to explore. Broadly, Nepal has four distinct seasons:

  • Spring (March to May):

    • Flowers bloom and the forests come alive.
    • Moderately warm in the lowlands and cool in the mountains.
    • Popular time for trekking as the trails are neither too wet nor too cold.
  • Summer/Monsoon (June to August):

    • Hot and humid with regular rainfall.
    • The Himalayas often remain hidden behind monsoon clouds.
    • A good time to visit the rain-shadow areas like Mustang, which remain relatively dry.
  • Autumn (September to November):

    • Clear skies and crisp air make this the most popular trekking season.
    • Perfect for witnessing panoramic mountain views and experiencing major festivals like Dashain and Tihar.
  • Winter (December to February):

    • Cold temperatures, especially in the mountains where trekking routes might close due to snow.
    • The Terai remains cool and offers pleasant wildlife-viewing opportunities.

For most visitors, the autumn season is considered the best time to visit Nepal, especially for trekking. The weather is favorable, and the visibility is at its peak. Spring is the next best choice, especially for those interested in witnessing Nepal’s natural beauty in full bloom.

Nepal Himalayas

Traveling in Nepal

Staying Safe

Nepal, in general, is a safe destination for travelers. However, like anywhere else in the world, it’s important to remain cautious and aware of one’s surroundings. Here are some safety tips to ensure a smooth trip:

  • Travel Health: Consult a doctor before traveling and ensure you’ve received necessary vaccinations. Be cautious about drinking water; always opt for bottled water.
  • Avoid Isolated Areas: Especially when trekking, always opt to be in a group or with a guide. Solo trekking in remote areas can be risky.
  • Be Prepared for Altitude: Acclimatize properly when trekking in high altitudes to avoid altitude sickness.
  • Stay Updated on Political Situations: While political unrest isn’t common, it’s good to stay updated on local news.
  • Secure Valuables: Petty thefts, especially in crowded areas like Thamel in Kathmandu, can occur.
  • Respect Local Customs: Nepalese are warm and friendly, but it’s essential to respect local traditions and customs.
  • Avoid Night Travel: Traveling during the night, especially in hilly areas, can be risky due to poor road conditions.
  • Stay Informed on Weather Conditions: Landslides during monsoon can affect travel plans in hilly areas.
  • Road Safety: Traffic can be chaotic in cities like Kathmandu. Always be cautious while crossing roads.
  • Emergency Contacts: Always keep a list of emergency contacts, including the local embassy and tourist police.

Getting to & Around Nepal 

  • Airports: Tribhuvan International Airport in Kathmandu is the main international gateway. There are several domestic airports like Pokhara, Bharatpur, and Lukla, among others, facilitating internal transportation.
  • Airlines: Nepal Airlines is the national carrier. Other local airlines include Yeti Airlines, Buddha Air, and Tara Air, which operate domestic flights.
  • Buses: Public buses and microbuses are common for intercity transport. For more comfort, tourists can opt for tourist buses, especially for routes like Kathmandu-Pokhara.
  • Taxis and Rickshaws: These are commonly used for short-distance travel within cities.
  • Trekking: Given Nepal’s mountainous terrain, trekking is a popular mode of transport to many remote areas.


Nepal offers a wide range of accommodations to suit different budgets. In Kathmandu and Pokhara, luxury hotels, mid-range hotels, guest houses, and hostels are available.

As you venture into trekking routes, teahouses, and lodges are common, offering basic amenities. Prices can vary greatly, from a few dollars for a hostel bed to hundreds for a luxury suite. It’s recommended to book in advance during peak trekking seasons to secure the best spots.

Homestays in villages offer an immersive experience, allowing travelers to experience local life firsthand. Always check reviews and ratings before booking to ensure quality and safety.