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Jordan Travel Guide

Jordan, a land steeped in history and natural wonders, is a mosaic of ancient civilizations, stunning landscapes, and cultural richness. From the rose-red city of Petra to the serene expanse of the Wadi Rum desert, Jordan offers an extraordinary journey through time and nature.

It is a country where ancient traditions are mixed modern life, and its warm-hearted people are as much a part of its charm as its historical treasures. Whether you're exploring its archaeological sites, floating in the Dead Sea, or wandering through bustling souks, Jordan is a destination that captivates and inspires at every turn.

Quick Info

Capital city: Amman

Currency: Jordanian Dinar (JOD). 1 JOD = 1.40 USD.

Electricity: Power voltage is 230 Volts. Power socket types C, D, F, G, and J.

Language: Arabic is the official language of Jordan, and spoken by the majority of the population.

10 Handpicked Highlights of Jordan


Petra, the ancient Nabatean city carved into rose-red sandstone cliffs, is Jordan’s most iconic attraction. This UNESCO World Heritage site, also known as the ‘Rose City,’ is famous for its stunning architecture, including the Treasury and the Monastery.

Exploring Petra is like walking through a living museum, with each structure telling a story of historical grandeur and architectural mastery. The city’s intricate water channels and tombs reveal the ingenuity of the Nabateans, making Petra a must-visit for history enthusiasts and adventurers alike.

Wadi Rum

Wadi Rum, known as the ‘Valley of the Moon,’ offers an otherworldly landscape of towering sandstone mountains and red dunes. This desert wilderness is a paradise for adventurers, offering activities like jeep tours, camel rides, and rock climbing.

The vast, starlit skies at night make it an ideal location for camping and stargazing. Wadi Rum is not just a natural wonder; it’s a cultural experience, offering a glimpse into the Bedouin lifestyle and their timeless connection with the desert.

Wadi Rum
Wadi Rum

The Dead Sea

The Dead Sea, lying at the lowest point on Earth, is famous for its hyper-saline water and therapeutic mud. Floating in its buoyant waters is a unique experience, and the mineral-rich mud is known for its health benefits. The surrounding area is also home to several historical and religious sites, including the Baptism Site of Jesus Christ and the ancient fortress of Masada.


Amman, the capital of Jordan, is a vibrant city blending ancient history with modernity. The city’s highlights include the Amman Citadel, Roman Theater, and the King Abdullah Mosque. Amman’s bustling souks and culinary scene offer an authentic taste of Jordanian culture and hospitality. The city serves as a gateway to the country’s historical sites and a center of contemporary Arab culture.


Jerash, one of the best-preserved Roman provincial towns in the world, showcases the grandeur of Imperial Rome. Its ruins include the Oval Plaza, the Cardo, and the Temple of Artemis. The annual Jerash Festival of Culture and Arts brings the ancient city to life with music, dance, and theatrical performances, making it a cultural as well as historical treasure.



Aqaba, Jordan’s only coastal city, is a gateway to the Red Sea. Renowned for its coral reefs and marine life, Aqaba is a paradise for divers and snorkelers. The city also offers a mix of beach resorts, historic sites, and a relaxed atmosphere, making it an ideal spot for leisure and exploration.

Dana Biosphere Reserve

Dana Biosphere Reserve, Jordan’s largest nature reserve, encompasses a variety of ecosystems, from sand dunes to mountain slopes. The reserve is home to a rich biodiversity and offers hiking trails that provide stunning views of the Great Rift Valley. Dana is not just about natural beauty; it’s also a place for sustainable ecotourism and experiencing rural Jordanian life.

Mount Nebo

Mount Nebo, where Moses is said to have seen the Promised Land, is a site of religious and historical significance. It offers panoramic views of the Holy Land and the Jordan River Valley. The site also includes ancient mosaics and the newly renovated Memorial Church of Moses, adding to its cultural and spiritual importance.

Mount Nebo
Mount Nebo


Madaba, known as the ‘City of Mosaics,’ is famous for its Byzantine and Umayyad mosaics, particularly the Madaba Map, the oldest surviving depiction of the Holy Land. The city’s archaeological park and numerous churches reveal a mosaic of history and artistry, offering a unique window into Jordan’s early Christian heritage.

The King’s Highway

The King’s Highway is an ancient trade route that stretches across Jordan, offering a scenic and historical journey through the country. This route passes through several major attractions, including Wadi Mujib, Karak Castle, and the Crusader fortresses, making it a perfect path for those who want to experience Jordan’s diverse landscapes and rich history.

Jordan's Geography & Landscapes

Jordan’s diverse landscapes range from the Jordan River Valley to desert wildernesses, offering a unique blend of natural beauty:

  • The Jordan Rift Valley: Running along the western border of Jordan, this valley includes the Dead Sea, the lowest point on earth, and the Jordan River.
  • The Highlands: East of the Jordan Valley, this area features hills and mountains, including Amman, Jerash, and Madaba. The region is known for its cooler climate and agricultural lands.
  • The Eastern Desert: This expansive area is characterized by a desert plateau, featuring historic desert castles and a stark, arid landscape.
  • The Badia Region: Covering a large part of eastern Jordan, this semi-desert region is home to Bedouin tribes and unique desert flora and fauna.
  • Wadi Rum: Located in southern Jordan, this desert valley is known for its towering sandstone mountains and unique red sands.
  • Aqaba and the Red Sea: Jordan’s window to the sea, Aqaba is famous for its coral reefs and marine life, offering excellent opportunities for snorkeling and diving.

Best Time To Go To Jordan

Jordan’s climate varies from Mediterranean to arid desert, influencing the best times to visit:

  • Spring (March to May): This is arguably the best time to visit Jordan. The weather is warm and pleasant, perfect for exploring outdoor sites like Petra and Wadi Rum. The landscape is also beautifully green, especially in the northern and western regions.
  • Summer (June to August): It can be extremely hot, especially in desert areas and the Jordan Valley. However, this is a good time to visit Aqaba for water activities.
  • Autumn (September to November): Similar to spring, autumn offers comfortable temperatures and is a great time for sightseeing and outdoor activities. The tourist sites are less crowded during this period.
  • Winter (December to February): Winters are generally mild, but it can be cold, and sometimes snowy, in the highlands. While outdoor exploration might be limited, it’s a good time for cultural experiences in cities.

Spring and autumn, with their mild weather and natural beauty, are the best times to visit Jordan for a comprehensive experience of both its historical sites and natural landscapes.

Dana Biosphere Reserve
Dana Biosphere Reserve

Traveling in Jordan

Staying Safe

Jordan is generally a safe destination for travelers, but it’s always important to take precautions:

  • Respect Local Customs: Jordan is a predominantly Muslim country. Dress modestly and be respectful of local customs, especially during religious observances like Ramadan.
  • Road Safety: Be cautious when driving, as driving styles can differ from what you might be used to. Pedestrians should also be careful due to the busy traffic.
  • Stay Hydrated: The climate can be very hot, particularly in the desert areas. Always carry water with you.
  • Avoid Sensitive Areas: Stay clear of areas near the borders with Syria and Iraq due to potential instability.
  • Carry Identification: Always have a copy of your passport and visa with you.
  • Use Reputable Tour Companies: When booking tours, especially for activities like desert safaris, ensure you use reputable companies.
  • Be Aware of Your Belongings: In crowded areas, watch out for pickpockets.
  • Health Precautions: Travel with any necessary medications and be aware of local health services.
  • Emergency Numbers: Keep a list of emergency contacts, including local emergency services and your embassy.
  • Stay Informed: Keep up to date with local news and travel advisories during your stay.

Getting to & Around Jordan    

Jordan offers various transportation options for travelers:

  • Airports: Queen Alia International Airport near Amman is the main gateway, with regular flights to major international destinations.
  • Airlines: Royal Jordanian Airlines is the national carrier, offering domestic and international flights.
  • Road Travel: Renting a car is a popular way to explore Jordan, offering flexibility to visit various sites. Roads are generally in good condition.
  • Taxis and Rideshares: Taxis are widely available and relatively inexpensive. Rideshare apps like Uber and Careem also operate, particularly in Amman.
  • Buses: There are several bus companies like JETT and minibusses that provide services between cities and to major tourist destinations.


Jordan offers a range of accommodation options to suit various preferences and budgets:

  • Luxury Hotels: Found in major cities like Amman and Aqaba, and near major tourist sites like Petra, offering high-end facilities and services.
  • Mid-range Hotels: These are widely available throughout the country, offering comfortable and affordable accommodations.
  • Budget Options: Budget hotels and guesthouses are common, particularly in tourist areas.
  • Desert Camps: In Wadi Rum, you can stay in Bedouin-style camps for a unique experience.

Prices vary depending on the location and standard of the accommodation. Booking in advance is recommended, especially during peak tourist seasons.

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