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Lebanon Travel Guide

Lebanon, a small country nestled on the Mediterranean coast, is a land of extraordinary diversity and beauty. Rich in history and culture, it is a mosaic of ancient civilizations, vibrant cities, and stunning natural landscapes. From the bustling streets of Beirut to the serene cedar forests, Lebanon offers a unique blend of experiences. Its cuisine, known for its richness and variety, is a delight for food enthusiasts.

Despite facing challenges, Lebanon's resilience shines through in its welcoming people and enduring cultural heritage. A journey through this enchanting country reveals an array of historical treasures, natural wonders, and a spirit of warmth and hospitality that is uniquely Lebanese.

Quick Info

Capital city: Beirut

Currency: Lebanese Pound (LBP). 1 USD = 15,000 LBP.

Electricity: Power voltage is 220 Volts. Power socket types A, B, C, D, and G.

Language: Arabic is the official language of Lebanon. French and English are also spoken.

10 Handpicked Highlights of Lebanon


Beirut, the capital city of Lebanon, is a vibrant and dynamic metropolis known for its rich history, culture, and nightlife. The city’s architecture is a blend of French colonial, Ottoman, and modern styles, showcasing its diverse past.

Visitors can explore the Beirut National Museum, stroll along the Corniche, or enjoy the bustling cafes and shops of Hamra Street. Beirut is not just a city; it’s a lively cultural hub where East meets West, offering an eclectic mix of modernity and tradition.



Baalbek, home to the Roman temples of Jupiter, Bacchus, and Venus, stands as a testament to Lebanon’s rich historical heritage. This UNESCO World Heritage site, with its monumental ruins and intricate stone carvings, offers a glimpse into the grandeur of Roman architecture.

The annual Baalbek International Festival brings the ancient city to life with music and performances, adding a contemporary layer to its historical charm. A visit to Baalbek is a journey back in time, revealing the splendor of ancient civilizations.

Jeita Grotto

The Jeita Grotto, a system of two interconnected limestone caves, is a natural wonder of Lebanon. The upper cave, accessible by foot, and the lower cave, explored by boat, display an incredible array of stalactites and stalagmites.

The grotto’s ethereal beauty and geological significance make it a must-visit for nature enthusiasts and those seeking a glimpse into the underground marvels of the Earth.


Byblos, one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world, offers a rich historical journey through its ancient port, medieval walls, and Crusader castle. This picturesque coastal town is also known for its charming old souk, vibrant nightlife, and beautiful beaches. Exploring Byblos is like walking through layers of history, each era leaving its mark on this timeless city.


The Cedars of God

The Cedars of God, a majestic forest of ancient cedar trees in the Bsharri region, is a symbol of Lebanon’s natural beauty. This UNESCO World Heritage site is one of the last remnants of the extensive forests that once covered the country.

Hiking in the Cedars of God offers not only a serene and spiritual experience but also a connection to Lebanon’s ancient past, where these trees were once highly prized for their wood.

Sidon and Tyre

Sidon and Tyre, ancient Phoenician cities, are rich in history and archaeological wonders. Sidon’s Sea Castle and the old souk offer a glimpse into its medieval past, while Tyre’s Roman Hippodrome and extensive ruins reflect its historical significance.

These coastal cities are not just about ruins; they are lively centers of Lebanese culture, known for their traditional crafts, vibrant markets, and delicious seafood.

The Chouf Mountains

The Chouf Mountains are a natural and cultural haven, home to the largest nature reserve in Lebanon, the Al Shouf Cedar Nature Reserve. This region offers spectacular hiking trails, traditional Druze villages, and panoramic views of the Lebanese landscape. The Chouf region is also significant for its historical palaces and religious sites, reflecting the diverse cultural fabric of Lebanon.

Chouf Mountains
Chouf Mountains


Anjar, a unique archaeological site with its well-preserved Umayyad ruins, offers a distinct glimpse into Lebanon’s Islamic history. Unlike other historical sites in Lebanon, Anjar’s layout is characterized by its early Islamic architectural style, with remnants of palaces, mosques, and baths.

The city is a testament to the Umayyad period’s architectural and urban planning prowess, making it a fascinating destination for history enthusiasts.


Tripoli, Lebanon’s second-largest city, is known for its rich Islamic heritage, bustling souks, and Mamluk architecture. The city’s highlights include the Citadel of Raymond de Saint-Gilles, the Great Mosque, and the vibrant Khan Al-Khayyatin (Tailors’ Souk).

Tripoli is also famous for its traditional sweets, especially the Lebanese dessert, “halawat al-jibn,” offering a taste of local flavors and culinary traditions.

The Qadisha Valley

The Qadisha Valley, also known as the Holy Valley, is a site of spiritual and natural significance. This picturesque valley is dotted with ancient monasteries, hermitages, and churches, some of which are carved into its rocky cliffs.

The Qadisha Valley is not only a place of religious importance but also a haven for hikers and nature lovers, offering trails through its serene and lush landscapes.

Qadisha Valley
Qadisha Valley

Lebanon's Geography & Landscapes

Lebanon’s geography is marked by its diversity, offering a range of landscapes from the Mediterranean Sea to mountain ranges and fertile valleys. Here’s an overview of the country’s geographic regions:

  • Coastal Plains: Stretching along the Mediterranean Sea, this region includes major cities like Beirut, Sidon, and Tyre. It features beautiful beaches and vibrant urban areas.
  • Mount Lebanon Range: Dominating the central part of the country, this mountain range includes the famous ski resorts and the scenic cedar forests, such as the Cedars of God.
  • Bekaa Valley: Lying between the Mount Lebanon range and the Anti-Lebanon mountains, this fertile valley is Lebanon’s agricultural heartland, known for its vineyards and ancient ruins.
  • Anti-Lebanon Mountains: This mountain range forms a natural border with Syria, offering rugged terrain and remote landscapes.
  • Northern Lebanon: Encompassing the Tripoli region and extending to the Akkar district, this area is known for its diverse topography, historical sites, and natural beauty. 

Best Time To Go To Lebanon

Lebanon’s Mediterranean climate offers distinct seasons, each suitable for different activities and experiences:

  • Spring (March to May): The weather is mild and pleasant, making it ideal for exploring outdoor historical sites, hiking, and experiencing the natural beauty of the countryside. The landscape is lush and green during these months.
  • Summer (June to August): Characterized by hot and sunny weather, it’s perfect for beachgoers and those looking to enjoy the vibrant nightlife, especially in coastal cities.
  • Autumn (September to November): Similar to spring, with mild temperatures and less crowded tourist sites. This season is excellent for outdoor activities and exploring the mountains.
  • Winter (December to February): The mountainous regions of Lebanon offer skiing and snowboarding opportunities, with several well-equipped ski resorts. Coastal areas experience mild weather, but it can be rainy.

The best time to visit Lebanon depends on the activities you’re interested in. Spring and autumn are ideal for general tourism, sightseeing, and nature activities, while summer is perfect for beach holidays and winter for skiing.

Lebanese cedars
Lebanese cedars

Traveling in Lebanon

Staying Safe

While Lebanon offers a rich cultural experience, travelers should be mindful of certain safety considerations:

  • Stay Informed: Keep updated with the latest travel advisories and news, as the security situation can change.
  • Respect Local Customs: Lebanon is diverse in terms of religion and culture. Dress modestly and be aware of local customs, especially in religious areas.
  • Road Safety: Traffic can be chaotic. Exercise caution when driving, and be aware of different driving styles.
  • Avoid Political Discussions: Be cautious about engaging in political discussions or debates.
  • Be Vigilant in Crowded Places: Beware of pickpockets and keep your belongings secure, especially in busy areas like markets.
  • Health Precautions: Carry necessary medications and be aware of local health services.
  • Emergency Contacts: Keep a list of emergency numbers, including local emergency services and your embassy.
  • Stay Hydrated: The climate can be hot, especially in summer, so drink plenty of water.
  • Check Local Weather and Conditions: Especially if you plan to visit mountainous or rural areas.
  • Photography Sensitivity: Ask for permission before photographing people, and avoid taking pictures of military or security personnel and installations.

Getting to & Around Lebanon   

Lebanon’s transport infrastructure offers various options for travelers:

  • Airports: Beirut-Rafic Hariri International Airport is the main gateway into Lebanon.
  • Airlines: Middle East Airlines is Lebanon’s national carrier, providing domestic and international flights.
  • Road Travel: Renting a car is a common way to explore Lebanon, though public transportation like buses and shared taxis (service) are available for inter-city travel.
  • Taxis and Rideshares: Taxis are widely available in cities. Rideshare apps like Uber and Careem also operate in Lebanon.
  • Internal Travel: While there are no internal flights due to the country’s size, traveling by road is generally efficient to cover different regions.


Lebanon offers a wide range of accommodation options, catering to various tastes and budgets:

  • Hotels: From luxury hotels in Beirut and major cities to mid-range and budget options, catering to different preferences and budgets.
  • Boutique Hotels and Guesthouses: Available in cultural hubs like Byblos and Baalbek, offering a more personalized experience.
  • Mountain and Beach Resorts: Particularly popular in the summer and located in scenic areas like the Chouf Mountains or along the Mediterranean coast.
  • Hostels and Budget Accommodation: Increasingly available, particularly in Beirut and other major tourist areas.

Prices vary depending on location, type, and season, with higher prices generally in Beirut and touristy areas. Booking in advance is recommended, especially during peak travel seasons.

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